A discussion of the environmental impact of tourism on antartica

A management plan considering the needs of all interested parties should be developed and implemented in conjunction with the development of monitoring protocols, and strictly adhered to.

Introduction This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. Use the information in the Warm Up section to help you. Each spring the coast of Antarctica awakens with the return of millions of seabirds to breed. Approximately 60 percent of these are scientific research activities, the balance are logistics related.

The Act identifies three levels of assessment as follows; For activities that will have less than a minor or transitory impact a Preliminary Assessment PA is required. The Antarctic Treaty nations have agreed a range of measures to regulate tourism in the region, including Visitor Site Guidelines.

The reactor was eventually shipped back to the United Sates along with large drums of radioactive earth. The conservation of landscape integrity for ongoing geomorphological studies would protect the aesthetic qualities of that landscape; conservation measures applied to protect the fragile biological communities will also protect the wilderness characteristics and values as an aesthetic resource.

A large amount of anthropogenic debris, such as used machinery, 44 gallon drums and scrap metal is also to be found littering the sea floor in Winter Quarters Bay.

Human Impacts on Antarctica and Threats to the Environment - Overview

The Antarctic climate varies with altitude, distance from the sea and sea level. Nesting birds, even penguins in the dense rookeries, are easily disturbed and will desert their nest.

This is higher than levels seen in the most polluted harbours of other parts of the world. A total of about dead birds were recovered, although this is probably an underestimate of the actual number killed because of the poor weather conditions which hampered collection.

The Antarctic Treaty Environment Protection Act makes it an offence to "kill, take, injure or otherwise interfere with a native invertebrate or native mammal in the Antarctic" and to "gather, collect, injure or otherwise interfere with a native plant in the Antarctic".

Thus, on most islands numerous introduced weed species occur around the existing and ruined settlements Walton,p.

Tourism/ Environmental Impact Of Tourism On Antarctica term paper 16652

Is this to be the legacy we leave future Antarctic visitors? Negative Impacts No man should travel until he has learned the language of the country he visits. The significant risks facing potential or known heritage sites, outlined by Parkerp.

All activities are subject to assessment of their environmental impact and applicants must ensure their visit is fully self-sufficient which includes demonstrating they have adequate contingency plans and search and rescue provisions in place. The free Tourism research paper Environmental Impact Of Tourism On Antarctica essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.

Question What unique features of the Antarctic environment provide problems in dealing with oil spills, whether minor fractions of a litre or catastrophic millions of litres in nature?

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature suggests that scientific activities may benefit from tourist visitation.

Most exhibit a remarkable tameness which permits close observation and study. McMurdo Base was the sight of a portable 1. If carelessness were to prevail, the environment of Antarctica could suffer serious damage Oceanus, summer,p.

The high hopes held out for Nukey Poo never eventuated and it struggled through 10 years of operation beset with shutdowns and radiation leaks. Along with site seeing, these tours offered informative lectures about the environment.

IUCN, Tourist visits can provide a useful link with the outside world and strengthen political support for Antarctic science. First to arrive are the Adelie Penguins, who have walked, often up to 50km, across the sea ice to reach their nesting grounds.

An extensive clean up program was begun at McMurdo Station in This can also be seen by the economic and employment benefits through the construction of specific Antarctic transportation ships such as the Marco Polo. The Antarctic Treaty Environment Protection Act [as amended to implement the requirements of the Protocol] requires all activities to undertake some form of assessment.

You have been given the following issues to consider: Walton gives an account of the human impact of land-based sealing and whaling activities through history, which ceased byresulted in settlements and processing stations on several islands which led to widespread destruction of the vegetation around these areas The introduction of domestic animals sheep, goats, cattle, horses, pigs, poultry, cats, dogs and the accidentally introduced rats and mice have caused significant changes to both the vegetation and the native wildlife.

The ship freed itself on 31 January allowing it to drift on the currents to the nearby De Laca island where it upturned and sank to rest on the substrate with part of its keel exposed. Legislation Pertaining to Antarctica Australian law lists offences and prescribes penalties for many activities which may be harmful to the Antarctic environment.

It also sets out obligations such as those to plan appropriately with environmental impacts in mind, and to fully assess activities which may cause disturbance to plants and animals Antarctic Treaty, summary, appendix 2.

Ina protocol called the Madrid Protocol on Environmental Protection was put in place which sets out guidelines to help protect the Antarctic environment and its ecosystems from tourist activities.

Ecotourism is a growth industry throughout the Antarctic region. Most of the established breeding birds return to the same nest site and to the same mate. The petrels and skuas arrive soon after, flying in from the open sea.Human Involvement and Impact.

Tourism. The first tourists visited Antarctica in Around 10, tourists now visit the continent each Austral summer (December-February), most by ship. The potential of tourism to impact on the marine environment is even greater than the potential impact on the land.

The sinking of the MV Explorer near the South Shetland Islands in November highlighted the potentially disastrous human and environmental impacts of Antarctic tour operations.

Impacts and Management

This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. The subheading Description will give an overview of the continent, highlight the unique landscape, weather patterns and research stations making up some of the tourist attractions of this continent.

The subheading Tourism in. Tourism term papers (paper ) on Environmental Impact Of Tourism On Antarctica: Introduction This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. The subheading Description will give an overview of th.

Term paper Antarctica Tourism - Human Impacts Threats to the Environment Antarctica doesn't have any "residents" everyone who goes is a visitor for a short time. Inwith the adoption of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, EIA became obligatory for most types of activities in the region south of 60 degrees South latitude, including scientific research and tourism mi-centre.comn 2 provides a brief introduction to the ATS and a general overview of the history of .

A discussion of the environmental impact of tourism on antartica
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