It is approached from a socio-ethical perspective with specific emphasis on the implication for the information profession. The issues discussed are the concept privacy, he influence of technology on the processing of personal and private information, the relevance of this influence for the information profession, and proposed solutions to these ethical issues for the information profession.
It relates thus to the question of what is good or bad in terms of human actions. Personal rights in the information age.
According to the law it can then even be seen as business information which may legally be traded in. The technological manipulation of information refers, among others, to the integration of information merging of documentsthe repackaging thereof translations and the integration of textual and graphical formats and the possible altering of information changing of photographic images by electronic means.
Firstly, it serves as norm for the factual correctness of information. In Ethics and the Librarian. Also In Cochrane, J. These areas include, inter alia the following: During Australia also accepted a Privacy Charter containing 18 privacy principles which describe the right of a citizen concerning personal privacy as effected by handling of information by the state Collier,p.
A division of Harper Collins Publishers. These problems relate mainly to the accessibility of information and the manipulation thereof. The following norms can be distinguished: A number of practical guidelines, based on ethical norms will be laid down. The Information Society, 9 3: This is especially true in the South African situation where there is, for example no legislation on the protection of privacy to provide for information handled via E-mail.
The second remark relates to the content of legislation itself. The same applies to the other categories of personal and private information. The problem here does not in the first place arise from the integration of the information as such.
Bearing in mind these two aspects the following practical guidelines can be given: For example, a personal conversation between two persons will be regarded as private as long as there is an expressed will to keep it private. The Individual and Socio-economical Effect The use of technology for the processing of personal and other forms of private information has far reaching effects on society.
If a person makes a private telephone number as a form of personal information known to a company, it is no longer regarded as private information. Privacy, computers and personal information: Journal of Library Administration, 16 4: According to this a person does have control over the information which relates to personal possessions in certain instances.
It creates the possibility of wider as well as simultaneous access to information. According to this norm a person has the freedom to make choices in terms of freedom of privacy and freedom from intrusion. Personal information refers to those categories of information which refer to only that specific person, for example bibliographic name, address and financial information.
This is due to the development and use of technology. Many websites collect user data, from usernames and passwords to personal information such as addresses and phone numbers, without the explicit permission of users.
According to an article in the IT Reviewp. The Expressed Will to Privacy The following important aspect of privacy is the desire for privacy by means of an expressed will since this desire is important for the delimitation of privacy.
The confidential treatment of information is not only applicable to the above-mentioned four categories of private and personal information - it may refer to any category of information, such as, inter alia, trade secrets.
The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 19 5: This issue is of specific importance in cases where an information professional is working with personal information that can have a direct influence on the life of a person.
For the purpose of this paper the definition of Van Brakelp.TECHNOLOGY AS A THREAT TO PRIVACY: Ethical Challenges to the Information Profession.
and proposed solutions to these ethical issues for the information profession. 1. INTRODUCTION Ethical Aspects of Information Technology.
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc. Stair, R.M. (). What Are The Advances In Information Technology That Resulted In In New Ethical Issues Necessitating The Creation Of Children s Internet Protection Act Essays.
The advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating in the creation of the FCRA, is that in today’s society various agencies can have access to their own and the personal information of others right from home.
Information Technology Acts The many advances of information technology have resulted in ethical issues requiring the creation of many important acts.
Information technology is a very important branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information.
• What were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act? ANSWER: Technology has got both its good side and evil side and it is the advancement in different forms of technology which along with benefitting the human society is also contributing to the rise of social.
What were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act? Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. • Include a title page with your name, date, title of your paper, instructor, and course number • Include a reference page • Include in-text citations • Include an .Download